Cotton growers may face seed shortage as they prepare to expand acreage

Offer of cottonseeds might become restricted in the coming kharif time if farmers make a decision to extend the region below the fibre crop going by the significant rate that prevailed for the duration of the existing time to September. Cottonseed output and high quality ended up afflicted very last 12 months owing to abnormal rains in the important manufacturing Point out of Telangana and some elements of Tamil Nadu.

“Due to steady rains very last 12 months, there was good deal of destruction to seed output in Telangana and Tamil Nadu. In Telangana, the most significant producer of cottonseeds, output dropped 20-25 per cent. As a consequence, there may possibly be a restricted source predicament this kharif time if the need goes up,” reported M Ramaswami, Founder, Rasi Seeds, the most significant participant in the phase.

Cotton is cultivated for the duration of the kharif time beginning June and the crop is harvested from September-close onwards with the farmers choosing the bolls thrice until finally January. Nevertheless, in some States these kinds of as Haryana and Punjab, sowing begins early all around April-close.

Higher acreage

The industry expects the cotton acreage to be bigger than the normal twelve million hectares as farmers may possibly opt to plant a lot more with price ranges of uncooked cotton ruling bigger at ₹6,000 per quintal when compared with the bare minimum guidance rate of ₹5,515. Also, Telangana, now a key cotton producer, plans to convey in a lot more region below the fibre crop.

Nevertheless, the industry does not see a great deal trouble in seed availability for the kharif time. In a normal 12 months, the need is 50-fifty five million packets (of 450 gm each individual). The industry is prepared with about 70 million packets, like a have-ahead inventory of thirteen million packets, sources reported.

“We bought about forty five million packets very last 12 months. Even if the need goes up a bit, we continue to will be in a position to meet up with it as we have more than enough shares,” a leading government of a seed organization reported on circumstances of anonymity.

Although the rains had hit some of the seed output spots in the undivided Mahboobnagar district, “we are self-assured that we can meet up with the need for the time,” reported M Prabhakahara Rao, President of National Seed Association of India (NSAI).

The industry, however, needs to component in a very likely need for four million packets from Telangana, which is preparing to maximize the region below cotton to eighty lakh acres from very last year’s sixty lakh acres.

Although the industry contends that it has more than enough shares for the time, the genuine challenge is about the availability of seeds of 3-4 corporations that share in excess of 50 per cent of the total market.

Placement of seeds has now begun in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan, where the planting will get started from mid-April. Ramaswami reported that there might not be any have-ahead shares at the close of kharif planting. The cottonseed industry commonly carries ahead 10-fifteen million packets each individual 12 months.